Very often we can see some food supplements or foods as such (for example, seeds or dried fruits of some plants) called as “superfoods”. The definition of superfoods is not clearly defined, but it can be said that they are foods that are rich in vitamins, minerals, trace elements, amino acids, enzymes, fiber, antioxidants and other ingredients. It can be said that they are a welcome addition to enriching the diet for those who want to live healthy.
An important sign of this new type of food is that most of them come from outside Europe. Some of the more traditional foods include some citrus fruit or fish. One of the possible reasons why part of the food comes from our exotic landscapes is that Mother Nature’s wisdom has prepared a concentrated supply of vitamins, minerals, and other important substances in these kinds of foods for her residents who often had to survive in hateful and harsh conditions.
Exactly demanding conditions, such as deserts, tropical forests, or altitudes, have forced crops to hold as many important substances as possible in order to survive. The list of superfoods is long and very heterogeneous, it is not unified, and basically any author who lists this list, adds something to the article and adds something to it. However, we can list the most famous of them and mention some of their benefits to our health.
The most important ingredients are polysaccharides (especially acemanan belonging to the D-glucomannan group), enzymes, vitamins, minerals and trace elements, organic acids (mainly succinate and salicylic), amino acids, sterols (for example beta-sitosterol) and anthraquinones barbaloin) and other substances. The aforementioned acemanan stimulates the activity of the cells of the immune system. Significant is beta-sitosterol, which acts anti-inflammatory. In addition, aloe vera has antioxidant, antiproliferative, hypotensive and antidiabetic effects.